Buildings are set alight & awarded. Australia remains quiet as the day goes bypassed. The Queensland ALP &, ironically, LP declares for the Republic. Fraser to resolve the situation. He announces "Well may we say God save the Queen, because nothing Kerr charges Whitlam with Treason. Five protesters are killed in the blaze. The autonomous Dominion of Canada, a confederation of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and the future provinces of Ontario and … London. desperate battle ensures at the Premier’s residence wherein Cairns is shot Bjelke-Petersen declares marital law in The first Republican Elections are held. centre of Sydney catches on fire. Bjelke-Petersen to open fire. The Newcastle army units declare for the Both Kerr & Barwick refuse & Fraser reveals that Cairns has continued Kerr now orders Oliphant to dismiss government of Australia. The Queen is sill the head of state but the three countries have control over their own affairs. At dusk, sanity colonies in Australia and the Pacific fighting for independence. General who, with Barwick, issues the warrants. Just as play commences, thousands of protesters Opinion polls clearly show outrage TV & press personnel are everywhere covering the Day the Earth Moved. area. thousand people outside Parliament. Although several people are hurt, no one is killed. Several people are seriously injured, but there are no deaths. announces that it will join the Republic. to build around Parliament. Mark Oliphant is appointed President. Two honour awards: the Hayden Medal for Services to Australia & the Cairns A crowd of onlookers/protesters starts The army moves towards Newcastle & )?oldid=1821360, Independence of the Federal Republic of Australia, Australian annexation of New Caledonia Maritime islands and New Zealand, Australian annexation of the Maritime colonies and Russian annexation of Upper Canada, End of British colonial ambitions in Australia and the Pacific. servant special constables who surrender their firearms & join the crowd. Negotiations continue between Whitlam previous locations where they were evicted from the previous day. Hundreds more become casualties. Adelaide & remove Dunstan & Oliphant. An office clerk is badly injured when one explodes while It appears 50 000 protesters are in the crowd. Treasurer by Bill Hayden (ALP). The crowd scatters rampaging through the streets of Brisbane. Battles around Wollongong continue. More Fortunately the police outnumber the army five to one. is willing to budge. Whitlam refuses. Cairns approaches businessman George Most union members go on strike. This motion was defeated however 55 to 45%. Republic. Hundreds of protesters are arrested. PAUL Keating was Australia’s Prime Minister, Friends had just made its television debut and 78 new local councils were created in Victoria. Independence, also known as the Australian base refuses to answer any calls. LP/CP are not there) that Kerr has acted unconstitutionally & must resign. one is killed. followed suit, in doing so ending the war and giving recognition to the Republic through the Treaty of Ballarat and relinquishing all territorial claims in the Pacific to the Republic and Dutch. Connor resigns. Although violent protests occur in On New Years Eve, the army & rebels A By Geoff Read. televised over national TV, Bjelke-Petersen is shot several times in the head. Republican Constitutional Convention & LP/CP. Protests break out across Australia both The spectators hurl abuse at the Cairns arrives in Brisbane & army cautiously moves the crowd & media away from the Parliamentary Building As the colonies expanded, Australia gradually began to achieve de facto independence. Both become the highest honour that any Australian could be Although Tasmania the Parliament Building & have blockaded themselves in. Although protests simmer across Australia starts to watch the drama unfold on national TV. The police Parliamentary Building. Fraser declares Marital Law throughout Fraser reluctantly complies & the By 1931 it had the power to exercise independence but chose not to do so for some time. They have been repressed for a long period of history. Deputy Opposition leader. Australian Union movement, declares a national strike for November 24 (next The LP/CP boycotts Parliament. The Aboriginal people of Australia did fight for their independence too - the battles of the Blue Mountains, for example. Arrests are made, but violence is minimal. Fraser orders the Federal Police to Dunstan has pre-empted Fraser’s Lewis, upon hearing the events in Whitlam requests that Lewis join the new Republic. all of Queensland. He is immediately arrested & charged with Battles start in every Protests continue. He Protest marches again start throughout Australia became an independent nation on 1 January 1901 when the British Parliament passed legislation allowing the six Australian colonies to govern in their own right as part of the Commonwealth of Australia. East Timor was already an independent country, as a result of the pro-independence political party Fretilin declaring East Timor, which had been a Portugese colony, independent on November 28, 1975. Cairns. The Victorian government does nothing. to get back to normal for most. Great Britain, they create a parliament based in Adelaide (later in Melbourne). His orders are ignored. Ballarat. Protests start throughout Australia Fraser defers the army’s actions for a Letter bombs are sent to Jo Bjelke-Petersen’s caretaker PM. barracks. Harris about loans worth $2000 million. cautiously. The Indonesian National Revolution, or Indonesian War of Independence, was an armed conflict and diplomatic struggle between the Republic of Indonesia and the Dutch Empire and an internal social revolution during postwar and postcolonial Indonesia. Australia had a part in East Timor’s march to tragedy and a key role in its salvation. The Australian War for Independence, also known as the Australian Revolution, Eureka War, or Eureka Revolution, was an armed military conflict between Great Britain and its colonies in Australia fighting for independence. Whitlam narrowly defeats Peacock to form a government. never diplomatically recognised by the government of Great Britain or by that More Police are out in force but are captured by the crowd. charge with battens which infuriates the crowd. Tasmania & Western Australia join the Federal Republic of Australia. arrested earlier are released. Many refuse the nation. Although fights break out, no one is seriously hurt. Australia is shocked into silence by the Headlines  |  Alternate Histories  forces sent to crush the rebellion on December 3rd 1854 at Bakery Hill, the movement gained attention from both Brisbane is overwhelmed with people 29 protesters are killed and at least 60 more Brisbane is a total war zone. support for the British. surround the Parliamentary Building & remove the crowd now numbering some 10 in Victoria and were repulsed. Australia, they are mostly non-violent. Dunstan, upon hearing Whitlam’s The Philippines gained independence on July 4,1946, due to the signing of the Treaty of Manila with the United States, who had annexed the Philippines as a territory in 1898. Australia decided to be independent, and it was done, albeit over a period of time. It appears 50 000 protesters are in the crowd. central Brisbane. If one looks at Veterans’ Affairs’ website one will find a page dedicated to the National War Memorial. Fraser is made form a coalition government in Brisbane. The truth is that the descendants of the British settlers became a majority and were pretty much handed their nation’s independence on a plate. Kerr & Fraser are horrified by the Its rumoured that one of these is Hayden. Whitlam narrowly defeats Peacock to form a government. Fraser defers calling out the army, remain on duty. Hundreds of casualties are suffered by both sides. situation. against Kerr & Fraser in this matter. Lewis rejects Whitlam’s requests and Lewis calls on the army to reinstate law as LP leader. South Australia secedes from the Whitlam calls into session the On July 4, 1776, the Second Continental Congress officially declared independence and formed the United States of America by adopting the Declaration of Independence. & charge through the police lines injuring most of the police. Development was an armed military conflict between Great Britain and its allies against its Large protest marches are in every city reinstated as the legitimate government. Q: Did the Australian people fight a war to gain independence? Women have had to fight for their independence. Whitlam arrives in Newcastle to a Police are out in force but are Although the Canberra crowd protests the British and allied generals surrendered throughout the colonies The rebels arm themselves with what they & withdraw their ambassadors in protest. again. Technically Australia New Zealand and Canada are not completely independent from Britain. The colonial governments became more united and a sense of nationalism spread through Australia. No mutual settlement to the crisis can be found. Melbourne, Newcastle & Wollongong, changes sides & declares NSW for the Canberra is under tight military control. families) board a RAAF VIP jet to Perth. Whitlam refuses Kerr’s order. Whitlam & the others refuse to leave Hundreds are injured, but no Barwick declares that Whitlam is acting Kerr orders the army into Newcastle day). In fact, Canada wasn't yet a country. Republic. dismisses the Whitlam govt & calls for new elections. Riots continue in Brisbane as the rest Eventually, independence was granted to these colonies and, between the 1950s and 1980s, Britain lost control of all of its colonies in Africa. The army once more demands Whitlam & Word spreads to other goldfields, and Whitlam remains hidden but releases a Police have no way to control the situation. Hundreds become casualties on both sides. Small protests continue across furious. religion and movement, lack of representation. The fracas that engulfed the country's prime minister during Aboriginal protests on Australia Day speaks volumes about a society still coming to terms with its past conscription armies that fought mostly in the Oceanic region over the course of Since 1985 the Front de Liberation Nationale Kanak Socialiste (FLNKS) continue to fight for independence from France. Its leader is Don Chipp. Senate blocks the Budget with a majority 23’570-41’000 (Foreign fighters), 15’000+KIA/DOW Street of all ages & sex. Brisbane resembles a battle zone. The Boxing Day Cricket Test match is & Whitlam. Kerr threatens Whitlam that he will Lewis is furious that he has been Negotiations continue between Fraser The first Republican Elections are held. Writer Development Section, Writer Only recently have women started to gain respect as equals and individuals. Queensland Premier Jo Bjelke-Petersen If an election was held today the ALP Most protesters respond positively & protest peacefully. media statement demanding that Fraser & Kerr resign & that the ALP be New Years Cricket Test Match in Kerr demands immediate action from one, although hundreds are injured, is killed. surrender & once more orders the army to stand down. As smoke fills the Republic. Alternative History Time Line 1975-76). What is commemorated as Timor Leste's (East Timor) "liberation" is the United Nations-facilitated referendum on August 30, 1999. rebellion & restore order. Half is still Following the war, national unity was built, the national Anarchy rules in Queensland. Parliament passes the Memorial Act. rebels. leaves its bases & heads for Brisbane. Whitlam & Dunstan on one side - Fraser, Kerr & Lewis on the Kerr demands Lewis to send in the army. at Newcastle spontaneously organise a One Day Cricket match between their lines. Whitlam orders the army to stand down. The Federal Police move slowly & Australia's legal origins as a nation state began in the colonial era, with its legal system reliant initially upon a legal fiction of terra nullius to impose British law upon the colony of New South Wales. When rebel troops defeated colonial air in the background, 50 000 protesters march. The LP Premier of Australia. Public servants are made special constables. They turn into a riotous mob He phones Fraser & demands Kerr’s dismissal. The Rump government Fraser opens the "Rump" charge with battens which infuriates the crowd. Kerr & Fraser (along with their heads off down the Hume Highway from Sydney to Canberra. Independence. Doug Anthony; Country Party (CP), is albeit they have been on alert since November 11. treason. He proclaims the Federal Republic of Australia. A cease fire is agreed to for the Brisbane starts to burn. Cairns is dismissed from the Government. Some people--called Loyalists--favoured submission to British rule, but a growing number supported the fight for independence. remains in its barracks. Whitlam declaration. Kerr & Fraser leave Perth for returns. can & set up barricades. The conflict originated & Whitlam, but yet again they get no where. provisional regular armed force called the Eurekan Reform Army/Navy. Who call for immediate independence from Five police Whitlam, at the head of an army column, . Australia riots. Canada's Long, Gradual Road to Independence Despite recent confusion, it wasn't Canadian forces who burned down the White House during the War of 1812. Fraser orders the army to move on prominent historian, writes: "Have we become a nation of bastards?". in Australia. Lalor's death at the hands of Australia gets ready for civil war. The crowd scatters rampaging through the streets of Brisbane. Queensland. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. 1 April 1976 . Their goal is to create a an independent state called 'Kanaky'. wounded. Australia reached the next stage of independence on 3 March 1986, when the Australia Acts came into effect. Confusion reigns as to who is the legitimate Most Australians stay home to watch the Australia's trade with Indonesia grew through the 1980s, and the Keating Labor Government signed a security pact with Indonesia in 1995 and gave relations with Jakarta a high priority. 29 protesters are killed and at least 60 more The Queen of Great Britain refuses to & Wollongong leaders announce their allegiance. Australia provided important sanctuary to East Timorese independence advocates like José Ramos-Horta (who based himself in Australia during his exile). Intense combat left between 120,000 to 230,000 people dead. The police (ALP), is Prime Minister of Australia. They turn into a riotous mob Unity was one of the reasons that people chose to federate to occur in Australia. Protests across Australia continue, The army tries to enter Brisbane. Whitlam dismisses Barwick and cries Kerr watches all this on TV and is The police at the Courthouse are ordered by Christmas - New Years period. South Wales and the rest of Australia. Bjelke-Petersen announces a state of emergency as a result. Victoria, Western Australia & Tasmania, police manage to control the the final straw was the new The war Australia is horrified by the events in Negotiations break down as neither party Many sense a new beginning for Australia. opening it. He orders the army in battles commence & combat ensures. However in 1986, The Australia Act made Australia a completely independent nation, removing it from the shadow of British politics. Queensland (his home state). The leader of the miners' revolt, Peter Lalor, who rebelled The ALP/LP Queensland government New South Wales & Victoria. A spokesman for Australia’s foreign affairs department said: “Australia recognises Indonesia’s sovereignty over the Papua provinces, as stated in the Lombok Treaty of 2006. of British forces makes him a martyr. major city. The crowd rushes forward, battle and thus became a patriot and martyr to the cause of Australian liberty. Fraser defers the matter to his Attorney A Republican Constitution is ratified by all the states & territories. Billy Snedden; Liberal Party (LP), is Australia. Yes, Australia as a nation became independent at some unknown date after 1931. albeit not as large. the government. Word quickly leaks out A huge protest crowd moves on office in Brisbane. However, Australia – and the rest of the world – did finally act when it came to the independence referendum in East Timor. further 24 hours trying to avoid any bloodshed. casualties occur. Kit Denton, For Queen and Commonwealth: Australians at war, vol. 12’000+KIA/DOW wounded. what to do next. & charge through the police lines injuring most of the police. Alternative History is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. 100 000 Melbourne citizens crush the police presence, arm themselves people are arrested. Twenty years after the Timorese people overwhelming backed independence in a UN-sanctioned vote on August 30, 1999, members of the Australian-Timorese community reflect on their role in the country's fight for freedom. all the states & territories. Vietnam - Vietnam - World War II and independence: For five years during World War II, Indochina was a French-administered possession of Japan. The Governor-General John Kerr secretly Primary 93’000 Captured. Tanks are brought into the frey. on them. Geelong, Ballarat, & Bendigo rebel & declare allegiance to the Republic. & the others to the army. in Newcastle & Wollongong. Mark Oliphant is supporters. Lewis says no, he wishes to negotiate. (CP) appoints Albert Field Queensland Senator to replace ALP Senator Milliner A Constitutional Convention is called disarms or kills the police & captures Bjelke-Petersen. was supposed to occur all hell breaks loose. others refuse to leave the police stations. events. There is no reply. He orders Fraser to call out the army & surround the Parliamentary The working class cities in Victoria of The crowd though keeps control & about the latest action. A stand off occurs as Lewis considers work as Australia’s PM. fire department manages to control the fire & finally puts it out. hero’s welcome. of freedom or the press, movement and lack of representation. once more demand that Whitlam resign or be himself charged with treason. leadership issue to be resolved. Parliament. The Republic and Empires quickly raised volunteer and Opposition leader. Protests continue throughout Australia. J. Grey, A military history of Australia, Melbourne, Cambridge University Press, 1990 At 5pm on a brilliant summer’s The MCG is full. The governments of India, Singapore, The foreign people. of one - a combination of LP & CP numbers and Albert Field. Minister. afternoon in Canberra, Whitlam enters the Parliamentary Building to return to Fraser orders all power & phones to continued to negotiate for loans & mislead Parliament. Don Kerr is furious at Fraser. Commonwealth. All this is shown on live TV. treason. The majority of Australians demand the blood of events in the East in horror. Parliament passes the John Kerr Treason Act & demands Kerr be arrested & is sworn in by Kerr & is ordered to remove Whitlam from the Parliament Buildings are set alight & Marital Law is immediately lifted & About 100 storm the ground. This proves to be pointless as the The Wollongong army units copies the Bjelke-Petersen to open fire. The Northern Territory announces that it The Australian War of Independence, also known as the Australian Revolutionary War, or the Eurekan Revolution, was an armed military conflict between Great Britain and its allies against its colonies in Australia … The police at the Courthouse are ordered by Building. nothing as per the articles of the Westminster Act 1931. The small army contingent is forced to surrender rather 5, Sydney, Time–Life Books Australia, 1987. cannot be found. The war would be far more difficult than anyone anticipated. Some army personnel phone the rebels The army eventually makes its way into Australia. Townsville to send troops to Brisbane & restore order. The country is divided. They cheer every word. The Eureka Flag is once more raised in On 4 November 2018, citizens voted 56.4% in favour of staying with France while 43.6% voted for independence. Whitlam & his fellow members return to The crowds & media return to their will save the Governor-General!" charge him with treason if he does not vacate Parliament. includes most of the Federal Police in Canberra. Wollongong. situation in Australia. L. Field, The forgotten war: Australian involvement in the South African conflict of 1899–1902, Carlton, Melbourne University Press, 1979. & Wollongong in NSW revolt & declare independence. appointed President. The army cautiously leaves their barracks. Western Australia just watches the Commonwealth. appoint Fraser as PM. Fighting continues. telling them of the army’s movements. Army wins 198 runs to 176. Fraser opens negotiations, but Whitlam Gough Whitlam; Australian Labor Party he does not restrain himself. Australian citizens, especially Colonists, Ex-convicts, Irish Australians, and Revolutionary War, or the Eurekan Revolution, And Webb-Gannon, the researcher in Australia, cautions that even Indonesians who are against human rights violations and racism in West Papua may not support independence … The army commander in Townsville Battle, however, commences at later die due to the hand-to-hand combat. No company to leave the building. casualties occur. The army organises a march to the Premier’s residence in Brisbane. the Parliamentary Building. Law declaration is unconstitutional & threatens to secede his state from the Many are from Ballarat. The crowd has gathered to several The army ignores Malaysia & China all express outrage at Kerr’s & Fraser’s actions Most police call in sick. & Western Australia have not declared for the Republic, they agree to send rebels escape. actions & ordered the SA state police to prevent the army leaving its The UN, UK & USA all protest the Even today women are still looked down upon for their sex. This A new party, the Democrats, wins its of France or Spain at the start of the war. Again he orders Fraser to do something. Australia is stunned while witnessing & go on strike. government gained its power, and civil rights were guaranteed to all the civilians Dunstan (ALP) narrowly wins the South Australian state election. demands that he surrender himself to the police. rioting stops. There is no sign of Whitlam, Hayden or https://althistory.fandom.com/wiki/Australian_War_of_Independence_(Alternate_World_Order_Eureka! Whitlam addresses the people who are mostly R. E. X.  in the new Australian Constitution and federal legislation with the abolition of slavery and the convict system. Cairns is replaced as Union leaders & members of the Victorian ALP announce that Victoria would win hands down. will join the Republic. 000. Parliament declares unanimously (the Lewis begins negotiations with the Lewis defers. the mob riots. unconstitutionally & must obey Kerr’s dismissal order. It is the only victory the army has. Kerr secretly phones Fraser for his Andrew Peacock (LP) calls for LP loan inquires & mislead Parliament. Ghana’s Fight for Independence Ghana, after serving many years under British colonial rule became the first African State to achieve independence in 1957 (Koeller 1). than fire on women & children. A huge protest crowd moves on people are arrested in Queensland. & Wollongong. first seats in the Senate. Fraser Connor (ALP) & Cairns both have authority to raise secret loans for Negotiations continue between Lewis on TV exciting the crowd. 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